Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Diabetes is a life-long disease that affects the way your body handles glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood.

Most people with the condition have type 2. There are about 27 million people in the U.S. with it. Another 86 million have prediabetes: Their blood glucose is not normal, but not high enough to be diabetes yet.



Influenza (flu) is a viral infection. People often use the term "flu" to describe any kind of mild illness, such as a cold or a stomach virus, that has symptoms like the flu. But the real flu is different. Flu symptoms are usually worse than a cold and last longer. The flu usually does not cause vomiting or diarrhea in adults.

Most flu outbreaks happen in late fall and winter. Because symptoms may not start for a couple of days, you may pass the flu to someone before you know you have it.


Rheumatoid Arthritis

In rheumatoid arthritis, the body's immune system attacks its own tissue, including joints. In severe cases, it attacks internal organs.

Rheumatoid arthritis affects joint linings, causing painful swelling. Over long periods of time, the inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis can cause bone erosion and joint deformity.


Actinic Keratosis

Actinic keratosis usually affects older adults. Reducing sun exposure can help reduce risk.

It is most common on the face, lips, ears, back of hands, forearms, scalp, and neck. The rough, scaly skin patch enlarges slowly and usually causes no other signs or symptoms. A lesion may take years to develop.

Because it can become cancerous, it's usually removed as a precaution.


Iron Deficiency Anemia

Without enough iron, red blood cells can't carry enough oxygen to body tissues.

Iron deficiency often causes low blood cell levels (anemia) and can delay the development of unborn babies.

Treatment includes iron supplements and a focus on any underlying causes.



Examples of lipids include cholesterol and triglycerides. These substances can deposit in blood vessel walls and restrict blood flow. This creates a risk of heart attack and stroke.

Hyperlipidemia doesn't cause any symptoms. The condition is diagnosed by routine blood tests, recommended every five years for adults.

Treatments include medication, a healthy diet, and exercise.


Acne Vulgaris

Acne is most common in teenagers and young adults.

Symptoms range from uninflamed blackheads to pus-filled pimples or large, red, and tender bumps.

Treatments include over-the-counter creams and cleanser, as well as prescription antibiotics.